Following is a high-level summary of the sources of information and data used in the Home Energy Saver calculation methodology, organized by major energy end use or subject. These apply to the existing single-family housing modeling system; new methods and sources are being added for multi-family. More specific sources are documented in context within the pages of this Wiki, and a full listing of primary sources is here.
calculations - DOE 2.1E.1245 hourly simulation model (Birdsall et al. 1990)
of the U.S. into 19 climate zones for top-level benchmarking: developed by LBNL in a
project for the Gas Research Institute (Ritschard et al. 1992) and extended by Huang (Huang et al. 1999)
and Apte (2004).
- Domestic hot water calculations – DOE appliance standards methodology for water draw and
DOE Energy Factor methodology for water-heating energy (a new methodology for multi-family is being completed at this time and will be documented separately). Details here.
unit-energy consumption default values are determined by user-entered vintage – Sales-weighted efficiencies (by vintage) per GAMA, ARI,
etc. (through 2010 in most cases) or by formulas derived by Wenzel et al. (1997)
- Lighting - computed based on lamp county, type, wattage, and utilization, by fixture
losses – ASHRAE Standard 152.
- Upgrade levels - "Floor" is defined as lower-end of Energy Star levels; higher levels also provided.
Defaults (virtually all can be over-ridden by users)
energy use – RECS micro data (2005) (2009 pending)
factors – USEPA - EGRID (2009)
Prices – DOE/EIA – State Energy Data System (SEDS), Electric Power Monthly, Natural Gas Monthly.
energy conversions – Deru and Torcellini (NREL) (2007)
- Weather data – TMY1 and TMY2 (converting soon to TMY3)
leakage – LBNL air leakage database (update anticipated Q2 2012)